Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran
Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Malekan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Malekan, Iran
A B S T R A C T
Quality of urban life is one of the rationales that has been considered in various sciences. In the meantime, knowledge of urban geography studies the quality of life in the environment and its impact on the performance of citizens. Today, quality of life is the highest level in socio-economic planning goals and has two mental and objective dimensions. The mental dimension pays attention to a person's perception of the quality of life of himself and those around him and is a qualitative and relative concept that can affect the social participation of people in cities. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life from a mental perspective and its effects on social participation and information collection in the form of documents and surveys (questionnaires). The calculated KMO test value is 0/7 and the result of the Bartlett test is less than 0/01 and Cronbach's alpha coefficient is 0/941, which indicates sufficient and acceptable validity and reliability of the questionnaire tool. the findings show that independent variables generally explain 0/99 per cent of the changes in social participation in Tabriz city. so the quality of the urban environment has a direct effect on the participation of citizens in urban affairs by 0/412 per cent, social health by 0/301 per cent and physical health of 0/296 per cent. there is a significant relationship between the quality of the subjective dimensions and the social participation of citizens in the city
Considering that sustainable development and quality of life emphasize human needs on this basis and considering that the quality of human life is a function of the level of human needs and the level of satisfaction of individuals or groups from this level or in other words a function of human needs interaction and mental perception from their realization. In the meantime, citizen participation as a human sovereignty in decision-making has always been one of the important values of public administration. So that the participation of citizens in public affairs is one of the key measures for social justice. According to studies, the city of Tabriz is divided into ten regions, among which inequalities are felt in terms of the level of urban facilities and living standards, which is examined by examining the relationship between quality of life from the mental dimension and citizen participation in city administration. Using its results, it attracted the attention of decision-makers, decision-makers, executors and even citizens to recognize the problems of quality of life, economic, social, cultural and physical of the city in order to provide solutions for scientific and practical programs. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the quality of life in the mental dimension and its effects on social participation in Tabriz city, and seeks to answer the following question:
- what are the effects of quality of life in the mental dimension on social participation in Tabriz city?
The present study is part of applied and descriptive-analytical researches in terms of purpose and method, respectively. Data collection in the form of documents and survey (questionnaire) that social participation with 10 questions and mental well-being with 60 questions has been done. Calculated KMO test value 0.7. The result of Bartlett test is less than 0.01 and Cronbach's alpha coefficient is greater than 0.7, which indicates sufficient and acceptable validity and reliability of the questionnaire. Chi-square, Pearson test and
Somers’d in order to investigate the relationship between research variables to examine the linear relationship between independent variables and the dependent variable and to compare the mean of research variables, analysis of variance and SPSS26 software program based on a significance level of 0.05 has been exerted. The statistical population of the study includes the residents of Tabriz, which according to Cochran's formula, the sample size is 400 people. The sampling method was probabilistic and simple random sampling. For data analysis, one-sample T test and path analysis test in the form of DPSIR model were exerted.
Results and discussion
Based on the studies and theoretical findings and field studies conducted in the study area, the results are as following:
According to the results, for the variables of "social participation" and "quality of life in the mental dimension", a significant value of analysis of variance test (less than 0.05 (0.042)) has been obtained. Therefore, the mean of this variable is significantly different between participants in different regions. The average score of mental well-being among the participants in the region is 9 times 198.1 and is significantly higher than the others. Therefore, "the situation of mental indicators of urban quality of life in different areas of Tabriz, has a significant difference" and "the situation of social participation of citizens in the regions of Tabriz, has a significant difference." Also in the field of social participation, the research results indicate that out of the total number of respondents (400 people), 10 people equal to 2.5% that is "low", 263 people equal to 65.8% that is "average" and 127 people equal to 31.7% that is "high". The results of the satisfaction of quality of life in the mental dimension show that the level of mental well-being in 109 people is equal to 27.3% ("high"), 247 people equal to 61.8% ("average") and 44 people equal to 0.11% ("low ") which there is a difference between the dimensions of quality of life in the mental dimension from the perspective of citizens in different parts of Tabriz. Considering that the significance
value of Somers’d is less than 0.05, so there is a significant relationship between social participation and quality of life in the mental dimension. Therefore, there is no significant relationship between citizens' participation in urban affairs and the level of mental well-being in the city of Tabriz.
Considering that the results of the research have shown that there is a two-way relationship between quality of life and citizen participation in urban affairs in the city of Tabriz between mental quality of life and social participation in the development of the country.
There is no funding support.
All of the authors approved thecontent of the manuscript and agreed on all aspects of the work.
Conflict of Interest
Authors declared no conflict of interest.
We are grateful to all the scientific consultants of this paper.