Compilation of effective indicators of smart city in the development of Tabriz Region 8

Document Type : Article extracted From phd dissertation


1 Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Humanities, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Department of Landscape Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran.



Globalization is a term that has been used since the mid-1980s and means the collapse of borders and beyond the global level in economic, cultural, political and social dimensions ... the process of which is the transformation of local structures into global. In line with the process of globalization, cities today operate not as a hierarchy but as a network.
The old and historical core of cities, in order to accommodate the large population, which are mostly immigrants in recent years, has been constantly deformed, which has led to the destruction and erosion of these tissues.
The old textures, although in the past had a logical and hierarchical function over time, but today have structural and functional deficiencies, which often do not meet the needs of their inhabitants.
One of the new concepts to meet the current challenges of cities in the field of urban planning is the development of smart cities, which has attracted much attention in recent years.
The idea of infill development is a subset of smart growth and sustainable urban development and has been proposed as a solution to improve the functional-spatial context of urban textures, mainly in traditional and historical contexts, to fill the gaps in society. Existing urban potentials play a vital role, and endogenous peripheral urban development is used to reduce the pressure of sporadic development to land.
Accordingly, researchers to estimate the impact of infill development factors on infill development by considering 34 sub-indicators of smart urban development (Nos. 1 to 34) and 19 sub-indicators of infill
development (35-53), considering the specific conditions of worn-out textures. Tabriz within the framework of a system, formed a 53 by 53 matrix and the indicators, by experts with the method of structural equations, according to local, territorial, social, economic, infrastructure and institutional conditions of Tabriz Region 8, by 30 experts Urban planning news was weighed.
Research Methods
In the present section, researchers first study the indicators of smart urban development, in which the smart city includes 6 dimensions (smart people, smart life, smart environment, smart move, smart economy, smart governance) and time That the city has a good performance in 6 dimensions, has been developed that in the present study, the indicators and concepts of this view are used.
Accordingly, after overwhelming the potentially effective indicators in the development of the enterprise, based on the opinions of experts, 34 sub-indicators of the smart city were selected, which will be used in the forthcoming analysis. Also, in relation to infill development, 19 sub-indicators (based on authors 'studies and indexing with experts' opinions) were identified.
Discussion and findings
In this study, researchers set up a questionnaire to determine the weights of the criteria and a survey of 50 experts in Tabriz University and Municipality was surveyed.
A total of 53 criteria were identified in the table related to the two main factors of infill development. Then, by placing these factors in a 53 by 53 matrix, the effect of each of these factors on each other was determined by weighting the factors (from zero to 3). All the factors involved are considered as a system with intertwined elements and as a structure, and the relationships of these factors are measured together and the top factors that are more effective are extracted and these top factors for development planning. The midpoints of Tabriz District 8 are considered with emphasis on the smart city.
Based on the results obtained from the analysis of the Wizard scenario, 8 key components were selected for scenario development for the expansion of Tabriz Region 8 with emphasis on smart city, and for each of them, 3 possible scenarios were considered, for which a total of 24 possible scenarios were considered. Nasi. Possible situations include a range of favorable, unfavorable, and critical situations. Accordingly, in the table below, 8 variables (from the key variable specified by experts) are used.
The aim of this study was to develop compatible scenarios for the regional development of Tabriz. Accordingly, 10 general indicators (economic, security, settlements, relations, scientific development, production, natural, social, facilities and regional conditions) were selected in the form of 53 sub-indicators in Tabriz 8th district and 30 experts in the field. Urban planning was considered as research specialists and a questionnaire was designed and sent to them in Excel. The results were entered into Mick Mac software in the form of fuzzy structural equations and 14 key variables of mesenteric development with emphasis on smart city were identified according to risk and impact factors.
After discovering these factors, some of them were eliminated due to the semantic similarity of unification and some others due to less semantic relevance based on the opinions of experts and the final 8 factors remained to formulate scenarios.
These factors include: local access, social cohesion and participation, political views and strategies, urban per capita, productivity, cultural facilities, sustainable resource management, population density. For each of these 8 indicators, three scenarios of favorable, neutral and critical were suggested by experts.
These indicators were identified in the Wizard scenario software environment, based on the logic in this software, weighting and a total of 260 strong, medium and weak scenarios.
Accordingly, expanding local access by strengthening physical and digital networks in the region, creating a mechanism to use the enormous potential of existing social strata in the context, inter-sectoral coordination between responsible agencies for sustainable development, the program Comprehensive and principled planning to follow the principles of land use and per capita, use the great potentials of the smart city for successful planning of the development of Tabriz, proper planning and attention to the historical and cultural structure of Tabriz Region 8, Compilation of a comprehensive plan for sustainable urban development in terms of optimal use of resources and in terms of land use standards in the infill development of the region with respect to population density was selected as the most optimal and desirable scenario.
Keywords: Smart City, infill Development, District 8 of Tabriz, Scenario Making.