Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran
PhD Student of Geography and Urban Planning, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran
M.A of Geography and Urban Planning, Sistan and Baluchestan University, Zahedan, Iran
Health services land uses are those that if inappropriate location-allocation, they may incur the economic and financial damages and also cause irreparable loss of life. Today, subject of health services is an essential strategy for promoting public health and it is widely regarded as a global solution to improve the quality of life in the world. Medical centers are one of the essential land uses of the city, which are substantial for appropriate accessibility, proper location-allocation and optimal service to the citizens. The increasing of population growth of urban areas has led to enhance the demand for public services, especially health services, and also the need to create these services fairly and on the basis of various environmental, social, economic and physical criteria. Since the establishment of a new health center requires a lot of time and money, this study seeks to analyze and evaluate the location-allocation of health centers by using of qualitative criteria in the city of Bam. It seems that medical centers of Bam also have problems in many cases in terms of location-allocation, which can lead to economic and financial losses and even cause irreparable life damage. Therefore, qualitative assessment of the location-allocation of these centers can improve and promote the efficiency of these centers and reduce their many problems.
The present research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in view point of nature and method. The statistical population of the research is specialized and important clinics of Bam city. The qualitative evaluation of the location-allocation of health care centers was evaluated in six main criteria of accessibility, proximity, dependency, capacity, comfort, convenience and safety and 21 indicators. To analyze and evaluate qualitatively the location-allocation of health centers, the WASPAS model has been used to prioritize and determine the desirability of each unit that performs well on complex decision-making issues and the results of it has remarkable accuracy.
Results and discussion
The results of data analysis showed that the variance of indices related to Baqiyatallah clinic, except for two indices marginal parking and noise caused by traffic congestion has the highest numerical value this indicates that Baqiyatallah clinic is in suitable condition in all indices except for two indices. After Baqiyatallah Clinic, Imam Hossein and Imam Reza Clinic, respectively, have the highest variance in indices for qualitative location-allocation. In these centers, the variance of the various studied indicators in the qualitative location-allocation and prioritization discussion is in appropriate status and has a high numerical value. Based on the six main considered criteria in this study and based on the results, it can be stated that Imam Reza Clinic, only in the neighborhood criteria (residential, green space, educational, office) and dependency criterion on the other criteria and examined indicators in this center, has the least amount of variance, which can be considered as an indication of the inappropriate location-allocation of the center on the two mentioned criteria. Imam Hossein Clinic also in two criteria (indicators of green space, commercial and bank, office and gardens) and the criterion of comfort and convenience (traffic noise indicator) has the least variance or, in other words, it has the worst optimization among the considered indicators. In this regard, the Salc Clinic, Oral Health Center and Imam Khomeini clinic are in the next rank and semi-optimal condition that this is due to the low variance of some indices for these centers. For example, in relation to the Salc clinic, lack of parking, lack of marginal parking and distance from green space have made this center semi-desirable. In the case of the center for Oral Health, distance from the green space and failure to comply with the capacity criterion has made the center semi-desirable. Among all studied health centers, Fakhrabad and Imamzadeh Zid clinics had the least variance in terms of qualitative indices. These centers, due to inadequate proximity to the religious space (neighborhood mosque), playgrounds and other medical centers, less access to the center, distance from 2nd arterial street, closer to the Bam City fault, long distance from the fire station as well as the location of some municipal facilities near them, are in an undesirable situation.
The final results of ranking and qualitative evaluation of location-allocation of health centers in Bam in the form of six main criteria of accessibility, proximity, dependency, capacity, comfort, convenience and safety and 21 indicators indicated that the desirability of each unit was different. Baqiyatallah Clinic, Imam Hossein Specialty Clinic and Imam Reza Specialty Clinic, which have been ranked first to third based on desirability and optimality, have the best desirability condition, Salc Clinic, Oral Health Clinic and Imam Khomeini Clinic have semi-desirable condition and Zaydieh Clinic and Fakhrabad Clinic also have undesirable condition.