Measuring the quality of life in the mental dimension and its effects on sustainable social participation in the city of Tabriz

Document Type : Article extracted From phd dissertation

Authors

1 PhD Student in Geography and Urban Planning, Marand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marand, Iran

2 Instructor of Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Malekan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Malekan, Iran

10.22034/jsc.2021.292525.1498

Abstract

Introduction:
The concept of participation considered in this research is the participation of people and space, based on "right to the city" and other citizenship rights, on the one hand to regain decision-making power from the institution of centralized urban power and on the other hand, the possibility of changing mental characteristics. The city is a conduit for mass movements (Javadani and Parvin, 1394: 3). However, in Iran and in Tabriz, the political activity of citizens does not have a long history and dates back to the post-constitutional period; But today, under the influence of democratic societies, participation has become one of the most important and basic demands of citizens. According to studies, the city of Tabriz is divided into ten regions, among which there are inequalities in terms of urban facilities and living standards. By examining the relationship between mental well-being and citizen participation in the management of city affairs and using its results, to attract the attention of decision makers, decision makers, executors and even citizens to recognize the problems of quality of life, economic, social, cultural and physical city Acted to provide solutions for scientific and practical programs. The importance of reviewing the present article can be summarized in two main areas: theoretical value and practical value. The theoretical feature of this study is to contribute to professional development and add to the scientific literature on the subject and to plan the participation and quality of life of residents. The practical value of the research, in turn, will be in changing, improving and modifying the methods and patterns of dealing with quality of life planning in the mental dimension and its effects on social participation in the city of Tabriz.
Methodology:
The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. Data collection in the form of documents and survey (questionnaire) that social participation with 10 questions and mental well-being with 60 questions has been done. Calculated KMO test value 7 /. The result of Bartlett test is less than 0.01 and Cronbach's alpha coefficient is greater than 0.7 (Table 2), which indicates sufficient and acceptable validity and reliability of the questionnaire. To investigate the relationship between research variables in the grouped state of Chi-square, Pearson test and Summers d correlation coefficients to examine the linear relationship between independent variables and the dependent variable of Pearson correlation coefficient and to compare the mean of research variables from analysis of variance and SPSS26 software A significance level of 0.05 has been used. The statistical population of the study includes the residents of Tabriz, which according to Cochran's formula, the sample size is 400 people. The sampling method was probabilistic and simple random sampling. For data analysis, one-sample T test and path analysis test in the form of DPSIR model were used.
Results and discussion:
Based on the studies and theoretical findings and field studies conducted in the study area, the results are as follows: According to the results, for the variables "social participation" and "mental well-being" the significant value of the analysis of variance test is less than 0.05 0 (0.042) has been obtained. Therefore, the mean of this variable is significantly different between participants in different regions. The average score of mental well-being among the participants in the region is 9 times 198.1 and is significantly higher than the others. Therefore, "the status of mental indicators of urban quality of life in different areas of Tabriz has a significant difference" and "the status of citizen participation in urban affairs at the level of Tabriz has a significant difference." Also in the field of social participation, the research results indicate that out of the total number of respondents (400 people), 10 people equal to 2.5 percent "low", 263 people equal to 65.8 percent "average" and 127 people equal to 8.8 31% is "high". The results of the satisfaction with the quality of life in the mental dimension show that the level of mental well-being in 109 people is equal to 27.3% "low", 247 people equal to 61.8% "average" and 44 people equal to 11.0% "It is" that "there is a difference between the dimensions of quality of life in the mental dimension from the perspective of citizens in different parts of Tabriz." Given that the significant value of Summers and gamma d correlation coefficients is greater than 0.05, so there is no significant relationship between social participation and mental well-being. Therefore, there is no significant relationship between citizens' participation in urban affairs and the level of mental well-being in the city of Tabriz.

Conclusion:
Considering that the results of the research have shown that there is no two-way relationship between quality of life and citizens' participation in urban affairs in Tabriz due to lack of belief in the effect of participation on the country's development.
Keywords: Mental Welfare, Welfare Indicators, Sustainable Social Participation, Tabriz Metropolis.

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